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Personbezogene Faktoren im bio-psycho-sozialen Modell der WHO
Systematik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sozialmedizin und Prävention (DGSMP)
Das Gesundheitswesen, 2020, 82. Jahrgang (Heft 01), Seite 107-116, Stuttgart: Thieme, ISSN: 0941-3790
Personal Factors of the Bio-Psycho-Social Model (WHO)
A Revised Classification by the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP)
In 2010, the ICF working group of Faculty II 'Applied Social Medicine and Rehabilitation' of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention, DGSMP proposed a classification of personal factors (PF) for the German-speaking area. Meanwhile, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and WHO's bio-psycho-social model were increasingly integrated into the German Social Code (Book IX for Rehabilitation and Participation). It was a legislative decision that the needs assessment for the rehabilitation process must be 'comprehensive'.
This publication aims to present an updated classification of PF to support the socio-medical assessment. For this purpose other published papers proposing a classification of PF were analyzed, especially the publication of Geyh et al.
The multiprofessional working group re-examined the basic structure, consistency and selection of factors of the 2010 classification using a qualitative approach and modified them if meaningful and necessary. The principles for the selection of factors were the same as in the 2010 publication (comprehensive, manageable, universal, impartial, relevant, unambiguous, focusing on finality, not regarding causality and non-discriminatory).
A fundamental revision was not necessary; the basic structure remained primarily unchanged. Some items were included, excluded, summarized, shifted and editorially or content-related altered. Legal expertise shows that the classification of PF and their individual use for the socio-medical assessment, if necessary for the individual rehabilitation allocation, incur no problems with regard to data-protection regulations.
The revised classification is ready to support users to describe and document relevant influences of the life background of individuals in a structured manner. Thus, influences on functioning and participation can be described comprehensively and transparently based on the bio-psycho-social model. A justiciable allocation of benefits for persons with disabilities is facilitated.
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